Created as part of a raft of cost-cutting measures brought in by the government as part of the 2012 Welfare Reform Act, Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is the new benefit that is gradually replacing Disability Living Allowance (DLA).
Contentious at the time it was announced, PIP has remained one of the most controversial changes to the structure of the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) in recent years.
Payments made through PIP are roughly comparable to those that were made through DLA – split into two sections, those who need daily care are eligible to claim either £53 or £79.15 per week, while anyone who requires assistance moving can receive either £21 or £55.25 per week (the level of claim is dependent on the severity of illness).
One of the main criticisms of Disability Living Allowance in certain sections of the media was that claimants were perceived to still be receiving payments when their illness was no longer affecting them. With the move toward Personal Independence Payment, those looking to claim must be assessed 3 months before payments can begin, and need to continually attend meetings for up to 9 months following DWP approval.
Disability rights charity Scope have criticised the proposed structure of Personal Independence Payments, complaining that the process would cause unnecessary stress to claimants in order to make relatively minimal cuts to public expenditure through benefits payments.